Disorders that occur in the jaw and face area may occur after trauma, cancer surgery, or congenital causes. In the treatment of these disorders, both surgical and prosthetic applications are very important in terms of the aesthetics and function that the patient has lost. These applications have particular advantages and disadvantages. Considering these advantages and disadvantages in the ideal treatment of the patient, it is very important to decide on the jaw prosthesis or facial prosthesis by working together and having an idea in the direction of doctor's advice and patient's wishes and expectations.
Oral disorders, along with aesthetic as well as functional discomfort. The absence of a portion of the upper jaw, especially in the upper jaw disorders, can cause problems such as speech, chewing, and food coming from above. The use of a moving prosthesis in the absence of teeth in the lower jaw disorders is very difficult for the patient.
Facial areas such as the nose, ear, and eye loss also bring the aesthetics of the patient to suffer. Occasionally, these disorders may also lead to aesthetic and functional disturbances in a wider area, accompanied by intraoral disorders.
Due to these disorders in the jaw and face area, there is a great decline in the quality of life of the patient.
Prosthetic treatment of such disorders is the preferred reason for the short duration and less trauma of the patient. These prostheses are made of silicone elastomers and the tissues lost by the patient are applied to the patient in a harmonious manner in terms of shape and color as possible. Aesthetic problems are overcome as much as possible by these prostheses which the patient can insert and remove.
It also benefits from implants as well as tissue adhesives in the retention of the facial prosthesis. It is important for the comfort of the patient to fix the prosthesis with implant-over-magnet or bar systems. Wait 3-6 months after placement of the implants and after that, the face prosthesis is taken to the construction stage by taking measurements.
A face prosthesis is made between 10 days and 1 month and is adapted to the diseased area of the patient. The use of implants prolongs the life of the prosthesis because of the elimination of adhesives. Nevertheless, the mean duration of use of a face prosthesis is between 6 months and 3 years, although it varies depending on patient usage.